Before you start installing MoinMoin, some requirements have to be met. The actual requirements depend largely on what kind of setup you plan for your wiki installation.
What do you need to know?
There are two major ways of using MoinMoin, requiring different knowledge about the environment it is going to be installed in (e.g. operating system, server software, etc.):
- Quick installation:
- A likely scenario for use on a personal computer or laptop
- No knowledge about administration of servers is required, but
- You should be familiar with your chosen operating system
- Server installation:
- General server administration knowledge is required
- You have to know about web server configuration
- You have to know about permissions, users, groups and the like
Please note, that there are service providers who offer hosted, pre-configured MoinMoin installations. Also, in case you need MoinMoin on your own server, please see the Support Options about how to get help with installation/configuration.
What software do you need to have installed?
The software that has to be installed on the target machine, also largely depends on the type of deployment AND on the features you want to make use of. While the largest amount of functionality in MoinMoin works with a minimal set of requirements, some features can only be activated in the presence of additional software:
As MoinMoin is written in Python, you need Python!
- We recommend using Python 2.4.x or 2.5.x, if possible.
- Python 2.6.x should also work, but is less tested.
Python 3.x (or Python older than 2.4) will not work for MoinMoin.
- No web server is required (the wiki runs on a built-in server).
- A webserver of your choice, for example:
- A web server protocol extension to speed up the serving of the wiki:
WSGI: very fast and standardized protocol for serving Python web apps (strongly recommended), available for
MoinMoin is a WSGI application, thus using a WSGI web server is the most direct way to run MoinMoin.
FastCGI: also quite fast, available for
SCGI: similar to FastCGI, available for
Apache (mod_scgi) or
- lighttpd (builtin)
AJP: another fast exchange protocol, mostly found in setups involving also an Apache Tomcat Java server.
In the absence of such a protocol extension, you can always run MoinMoin as a CGI script, but keep in mind, that:
CGI is very slow
- and perhaps unsuited for larger public wikis.
Optional you may need the following configured services to make use of extended features of your wiki:
SMTP mail server: (or working sendmail command) for sending out email notifications
Jabber server: for notifications via Jabber/XMPP
procmail-like mechanism: for importing emails into the wiki
Following is a list of software required for special features:
xapian libs with python bindings: Xapian indexed search
antiword, catdoc: indexing MS word/excel documents
xpdf-utils: indexing PDF files
python-xml (PyXML): gui editor, docbook
- if you use Python 2.5.1 or newer, you don't need to install python-xml.
docutils: parsing reStructuredText wiki pages
gdchart: nice charts for statistics
openid libs: authentication with OpenID
python-ldap: authentication against a LDAP directory
MySQLdb: authentication against a MySQL database
docbook xslt files: parsing docbook wiki pages
4suite: needed for extended XML/XSLT parsing